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How much blood is donated in a year? 
According to blood test data prepared by the Istituto Superiore di Sanità in one year in Italy, 1.9 million units of blood are donated by about 1.26 million donors. On average every 1,000 Italian donate about 33 units of blood. In relation to the population, the region that gives the most is Emilia Romagna with about 60 units per 1000 inhabitants, those that donate less are Campania and Calabria, about 14 units per 1000 inhabitants. In the latest report by the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, about 1997, it is reported that in the year 1,913,299 units of whole blood were donated by 1,257,333 donors.

Who needs the blood? 
Every year, about 2.4 million units of blood are used: about 40 units per 1000 inhabitants. All donated blood is not enough; some regions, such as Sardinia, are constrained by particular needs (Thalassemics) to import smokes concentrated from other nations, especially in summer. 
Blood transfusion is used for patients in First Aid, for chronic patients, for neoplastic patients and chemotherapy, for patients with coagulation defects, for surgical patients (scheduled or emergency interventions) for patients undergoing organ transplants or modulation bone

Who gives the blood? 
It is believed that 50% of Italians (about 30 million) can donate blood; in fact, about 1.26 million are donors of blood, equal to about 2% of the general population and 4% of potential donors. The European average is 4% of the population, in Portugal it gives 2%, as we are in the last place in Europe, while in Ireland it gives 7% of the population. 
In Italy, there are 21 donors per 1000 inhabitants with Emilia Romagna with 33 donors, and in Campania and Calabria, with 11 donors per 1000 inhabitants. It is easy to see that there is a long way to go to spread the culture of solidarity and charity through blood donation.
The average age of the donor population tends to increase over the years, so the donor population is aging and fewer young people mature in the culture of donation. 
One can say that the most frequent donor is the Missing Donor.


What is the estimated annual blood and heme component requirement? 

The National Blood and Plasma Plan for National Blood Requirements provides for 40 donations each year per 1000 inhabitants; currently it is donated about 33 per 1000 inhabitants (national average) with 60 points in Emilia Romagna and 14 in Campania and Calabria. 
Plasma National Requirements require that 12 liters per 1000 inhabitants be donated annually; currently they give about 9.3 liters per 1000 inhabitants (the national average) with a maximum of 20 in Emilia Romagna and the minimum of about 2 liters in Basilicata. A total of 574,129 liters of plasma were produced in 1997, of which 417,113 liters were sent to industrial fractionation (73%).

What are the basic requirements for blood donation? 
- a bit of goodwill 
- good health 
- normal life habits 
- age between 18 and 65 years 
- weight greater than 50 pounds 
- maximum blood pressure between 110 and 180 mmHg 
- minimum blood pressure between 60 and 100 mmHg 
- regular heart rate Between 50 and 100 pulses per minute (donors doing intense sports, even with lower frequencies) 
- pre-donation of hemoglobin not less than 12.5 g / dL in women and 13.5 g / dL in men 
- hematocrit pre-donation not inferior to 38% in women and 40% in men

Who Should NOT Donate Blood or Hemocomponents? 
Permanent idleness: 
Whoever makes use of drugs of any kind and for any route; 
who has had sex at risk or in exchange for money or drugs; 
who is chronic alcoholic; 
who is affected or previously afflicted by: 
- viral hepatitis B (positive HbsAg) 
- viral hepatitis C (HCV positive) 
- hepatitis from other infectious viruses 
- HIV-seroconversion 
- AIDS 
- syphilis (or Lues) (TPHA / VDRL positive) 
- Lebanon 
- Babesiosis 
- Leishmaniasis (Kala-azar, button from the East)
- Tripanosyma (Sleep Disease, Chagas Disease) 
- Q Fever 
- Hemophilia and Blood Coagulation Diseases; 
- who has stayed in the United Kingdom for more than 6 months (including cumulative) from 1980 to 1996.

What are compulsory examinations made at each donation? 
Complete hemocromocytometric examination 
Transaminase ALT 
Syphilis or lues examination (TPHA, VDRL) 
Antibodies to HIV1-2 responsible for AIDS 
HCV antibodies responsible for hepatitis C 
HCV viral constituent research with gene amplification techniques (PCR)

What are the mandatory examinations at the first donation? 
All those required for each donation 
ABO Group direct and indirect test 
Rh and full phenotype 
Kell Group 
Search Anti-erythrocyte irregular antibody (Coombs direct and indirect test)

What are the examinations for the periodic donor? 
All those who are compulsory for each donation 
All those who are obliged to first donate 
Every year: 
- Creatinine 
- Blood glucose 
- Protemy 
Sideremia 
- Cholesterolemia 
- Triglyceridemia 
- Ferritinemia